To ensure gender equity, action must be taken to compensate for ingrained economic, social and political disadvantages that prevent women and men, and girls and boys from operating on a level playing field prb, n. Gender is used to refer to a set of roles, responsibilities, rights, expectations and obligations that are socially andor culturally associated with being male or female. Rubin considers the impact intersexuality had on conceptualizations of gender in midtwentieth century sexology studies, and how the very concept of gender that emerged in that moment has been used to regulate the lives of intersex individuals. Gender concepts learning objectives to define gender, gender concepts and terminologies to identify the differences between sex and gender. General guidelines content cover page the concept note must have a cover page that includes the following. Rosemarie garlandthomson, feminist disability studies. Culture is sometimes interpreted narrowly as custom or tradition, and assumed to be natural and unchangeable. Gender refers to the social roles that men and women play. However,it is generally agreed that gender differences are to be understood as a central feature of patriarchy, a social system in which men have come to be dominant in relation to women. Gender is defined by fao as the relations between men and women, both perceptual and material. Gender analysis should go beyond cataloguing differences to identifying inequalities and assessing relationships between women and men. Gender builds on biological sex, but it exaggerates biological difference, and. There is no original or primary gender a drag imitates, but gender is a kind of.
A number of reservations need to be made and it should be noted that, all too often, the word is used simply as a synonym for woman, or the female sex. Concepts of gender and the global abuse of women steven r. The history of the concept of gender identity disorder. But, the third goal addresses gender equality specifically. The concept of gender needs to be understood clearly as a crosscutting sociocultural variable. Two main strategies are needed to reach the goal of gender equality, namely gender mainstreaming and targeted actions in response to a gender analysis as well as a number of programme which together make of a gender equality programme. Gender is not based on sex, or the biological differences between men and women. Gender based roles and other attributes, therefore, change over time and vary with different cultural contexts.
Threshold concepts in womens and gender studies 2nd ed. Gender equity is the process of being fair to women and men, and girls and boys. Gender mainstreaming and equality concepts, theories and practices ms. Though gender has always been a part of societal realities everywhere, its emergence as a concept and a discursive tool is a recent and modern phenomenon. Accelerated action for the health of adolescents a global partnership, led by who and of. Gender is shaped by culture, social relations, and natural environments. Key terms and concepts in understanding gender diversity.
Gender concepts and definitions gender analysis toolkit for. Gender equality is the state or condition that affords women and men equal enjoyment of human rights, socially valued goods, opportunities, and resources. Historical trends in integrating gender into development. Pdf module 1 gender, gender concepts and definitions. Introduction to gender analysis concepts and steps juliet hunt, independent consultant overview during program and project design, gender analysis is the process of assessing the.
The concept of gender is vital because, applied to social analysis, it reveals how womens subordination or mens domination is socially constructed. The united nations has identified gender based violence against women as a global health and development issue, and a host of policies, public education, and action programs aimed at reducing gender based violence have been undertaken around the. Gender is a socially constructed definition of women and men. Other gender 20 min gender equity and group 4 for terms gender equality concepts. Children begin to acquire concepts of gender, including knowledge of the activities, toys. Baseline definitions of key concepts and terms unesco. This is a statistical or social indicator of inequality between males and females arising from discrimination andor. Regardless of ones socioeconomic class, there are systematic gender differences in material wellbeing, although the degree of inequality varies across countries and over time. Key terms and concepts in understanding gender diversity and sexual orientation among students. Ways of seeing, thinking, and knowing is a textbook designed primarily for introduction to womens and gender studies courses with the intent of providing both skills and concept based foundation in the field. It will help you avoid stumbling through concepts when you. Gender is more difficult to define, but it can refer to the role of a male or female in society, known as a gender role, or an individuals concept of themselves, or gender identity.
Prepared for the department for international development dfid for its gender mainstreaming intranet resource by hazel reeves. Key concepts hegemonic masculinity patriarchal dividend. It will help you avoid stumbling through concepts when you are talking in front of an audience, writing, debating or being interviewed by the press. Ask group inequality 2 to do the same for terms transgender and transsexual, group 3 for terms gender equality and 3. Despite these advances in theory, women continue to be placed, implicitly, in the category of nature instinct, sentiment, irrationality while men, on the contrary, are placed in the category of culture reflection. Gender inequality 2 sociological use of the term, dogs dont have gender. In order to define gender equality, a closer look has to be taken at the gender concept. Introduction to gender analysis concepts and steps, development bulletin, no. As such, the subordination can be changed or ended. Pdf this paper provides an overview of gender mainstreaming as a strategy for sustainable development. Gender is embedded so thoroughly in our institutions, our actions, our. Concepts, definitions, process commonwealth of the bahamas national gender equality policy training workshop, september 12, 2012 facilitators.
Key gender concepts nderstanding gender and the key concepts is critical to being able to clearly articulate gender. It is not biologically predetermined nor is it fixed forever. In particular it will enable students to get a sense of how older and more contemporary theoretical movements and debates relate to one another lisa adkins, department of sociology, university of manchester part of a new key concepts series published by sage, key concepts in gender studies offers 1,500 word expositions of 50 topics central. The concept of hegemonic masculinity has influenced gender studies across many academic fields but has also attracted serious criticism. O ugama department of science education, ebonyi state university, abakaliki abstract. It is an overarching variable in the sense that gender. Gender equality implies that the interests, needs and priorities of both women and men are taken into consideration, recognizing the diversity of different groups of women and men.
Gender is related to sex in which the physical body is often a part of someones gender. The first contains a number of discussions by topic in alphabetical order. An introduction to gender we are surrounded by gender lore from the time we are very small. Gender equity gender is defined as distinct from sex in that it refers to the social and cultural constructs which, while based on the biological sex of a person, defines his or her roles in society1. The 50 concepts focused on here are not random, and valuefree selections, but instead represent an account of gender studies, both as an academic specialism and as a broader. Concepts and definitions european institute for gender. These gender ideologies often reinforce male power and the idea of womens inferiority. Gender roles are distinguished from sex roles, which are biologically determined.
Meanwhile analyzing gender as a keyword today involves the formation of. Gender statistics are defined by the sum of the following characteristics. Not surprisingly, social norms for heterosexual coupling and care of any resulting children are closely intertwined with gender. This present explores the concepts of gender equality and womens empowerment sdg5, and what are the overlaps and differences with the concept of equity discover the worlds research 16. Gender mainstreaming conceptual framework, methodology and. Gender is not determined biologically, as a result of sexual characteristics of either women or men, but is constructed socially. Gender is a primary marker of social and economic stratification and, as a result, of exclusion. Gender is much trickier to define, since it has many different dimensions through which it is felt, experienced, assumed, expected, expressed, and presented.
Gender integration refers to strategies applied in program assessment, design, implementation, and evaluation to take gender norms into account and to compensate for gender based inequalities. Osagi gender mainstreaming concepts and definitions. The successor sustainable development goals sdgs, due to be adopted in 2015 as part of a broad sustainable development agenda, include achieving gender equality and empower all women and girls as the proposed goal 5. Sex refers to biologically defined and genetically acquired differences between males and females, according to their physiology and reproductive capabilities or potentialities. Gandhi iwmi workshop on gender and value chains in the lives project, adama, ethiopia, 1922 august 20 2. As a result, gender inequality is a characteristic of most. Concepts and definitions european institute for gender equality. Other gender 20 min gender equity and group 4 for terms gender equality concepts and and womens rights. Concept note the concept note must include the following items, within 5 pages. Development of an adequate understanding of mainstreaming requires clarity on the related concepts of gender and equality. Concepts and the importance of gender planning and budgeting.
This is a survey study, designed to determine gender differences and socioeconomic status, selfconcept on students academic performance in colleges of education, borno state. In response to these challenges, the strengthening gender mainstreaming in environment and energy project aims. Although the concept of gender identity is a relatively new paradigm and remains an area of active and exciting investigation, findings reported here provide items of information for understanding. The 50 concepts focused on here are not random, and valuefree selections, but instead represent an account of gender studies, both as an academic specialism and as a broader perspective across a range of disciplines and knowledge boundaries. What is the difference between gender equity and gender equality. If you know what you are talking about, say it with confidence and are able to show. Definitions related to sexual orientation and gender. Gender equality means that the different u 8 doccy oot or. Thus, depending on values, norms customs and laws men and women in different parts of the world have evolved different gender roles.
Refer to the schematic diagram for gender equality programme. Sex is a term describing the biological differences between men and women which are universal and determined at birth. Concept note on a proposed third phase of a joint programe on response to sexual and gender based violence in liberia prepared by peter ekayu, in collaboration with unfpa, unwomen, unicef, the ministry of. Key concepts queer theory heterosexual matrix performativity.
There are expected roles for males and females that are based on biological sex and is a socially constructed concept. These have been compiled into the dac source book on concepts and approaches linked to gender equality. Pdf concept of gender equality and womens empowerment. Unescos gender mainstreaming implementation framework baseline definitions of key concepts and terms gender refers to the roles and responsibilities of men and women that are created in our families, our societies and our cultures. It is everpresent in conversation, humor, and conflict, and it is called upon to explain everything from driving styles to food preferences.
There are, as we shall see,questions around to what extent gender is imposed on. Gender mainstreaming is a strategy that requires assessment of any planned action to identify the differing implications for men and women, so that both will be able to benefit and existing gender inequalities will not be perpetuated or exacerbated. Selected concepts central to gender and development thinking are explained here. They suggest that the media might be responsible for anything from making women anorexic to encouraging men to be violent. The succinct explanations here are neither comprehensive nor definitive. These are intended to help you explore some of the key ideas and issues in gender and development and their implications for policy and practice. Please provide a short tle suitable for communica on purposes maximum of 14 words country or countries where the research is taking place name and full address of the organiza onins tu thaton will administer the project funds. Exposing and understanding the genderdifferentiated biodiversity practices and knowledge of women and men enhances biodiversity conservation. Gender is therefore an essentially dynamic concept which brings into question the apparent immutability of social roles. Gender also includes the power relations between and among women and men, and girls and boys. Yet if one were to contemplate the subversive nature of the gender concept, one would wonder why the term became such a catch word. Gender refers to the roles and responsibilities of men and women that are created in our families, our societies and our cultures. Gender equality is where all human beings, both men and women, are free to develop their personal abilities and make choices without the limitations set by stereotypes, rigid gender roles, or prejudices. Effects of concept mapping instruction approach on students.
It is universal and mostly unchanging, without surgery. Aug 26, 20 gender analysis is a tool set of tools to assist in strengthening development planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, and to make programmes and projects more efficient and relevant. Gender is so deeply engrained in our social practice, in our understanding of ourselves. Gender concepts and definitions gender analysis toolkit. The authors trace the origin of the concept in a convergence of ideas in the early 1980s and map the ways it was applied when research on men and masculinities expanded. Parental socioeconomic status, selfconcept and gender. Gender equality is not a w issue but should concern and fully engage men as well as women.
Similar to the concept of gender sensitivity, gender accommodating means not only. Our selection of 50 key concepts was by no means straightforward, or fixed. Effects of concept mapping instruction approach on students achievement in basic science ukpai patricia ogonnaya gabriel okafor okechukwu s. Gender a social and cultural construct, which distinguishes differences in the attributes of men and women, girls and boys, and accordingly refers to the roles and responsibilities of men and women. This is a form of social division relating to varying amount of power, resources and opportunity between men and women, where one gender becomes more socially privileged than the other. However, gender may or may not match the physical sex, and match is a loose term. Step 11 after presenting the definition of gender equity ask participants to. Sex refers to biologically defined and genetically acquired differences between males and females, according to their. December 7, 2010 1 training program gender mainstreaming and equality with focus on mdgs 2. The concept of bringing gender issues into the mainstream of society was clearly established as a global strategy for promoting gender equality in the platform for action adopted at the united nations fourth world conference on women, held in beijing china in 1995. Despite these assumptions, culture is fluid and enduring. Gender refers to the economic, social, political, and cultural attributes and opportunities associated with being women and men. Gender is an important social stratification that significantly shapes the lived experiences of men and women across different age groups, ethnicity, socialstatus, religions and so forth.1600 83 1562 1518 422 14 891 305 88 1208 872 518 374 552 1575 582 253 627 772 907 143 98 1628 351 974 577 1424 513 874 1274 1035 870 410 1381 423 3 1158 1181 618 799 464