Recently the revised 2018 international federation of gynecology and obstetrics figo staging system for cervical cancer was published. Cervical cancer see the image below is the third most common malignancy in women worldwide, and it remains a leading cause of cancerrelated death for women in developing countries. Each stage is further divided into several substages. Applying the new system, stage ib1 and stage ib2 disease have distinct. Clinically significant grade histopathologic type bibliography staging form ajcc cancer staging manual, 7th ed. Validation of the 2018 figo staging system of cervical. In this most recent classification, imaging modalities and pathologic information have been added as tools to determine the final stage of the disease. The diagnosis of both stages ia1 and ia2 should be based on microscopic examination of removed tissue, preferably a cone, which must include the entire lesion. Tnm and figo classifications for cervical cancer open table in a new window primary tumor t surgicalpathologic findings. Figos staging classification for cancer of the ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum. Figo staging of carcinoma of the cervix uteri 2018 controversial issues in stage iii. In conclusion, the revised 2018 figo staging system for cervical cancer is useful to distinguish survival groups. This is also often used for other cancers of the female reproductive organs.
In stage ib cervical cancer, stage ib1 and stage ib2 disease have distinct characteristics and outcomes, and riskstratification based on this new classification is crucial in treatment algorithms. Review article multidisciplinary perspectives on newly. Figo introduces changes to the cervical cancer staging. Each patient was evaluated with both the 2014 and 2018 staging systems. Screening tests offer the best chance to have cervical cancer found early when. Since publication of the last figo cervical cancer staging in 2009, considerable progress has been made in the use of imaging modalities to evaluate women with cervical cancer. Radiation oncologycervixstaging wikibooks, open books for. Article pdf available in nepal journal of obstetrics and gynaecology 32 july 2014 with 2,284 reads. Cervical cancer staging radiology reference article. Revised figo staging 2009 pdf clinical stage should be determined prior to start of definitive therapy. These tests help the doctors decide how far the cancer has spread. Stage iiic1 disease has superior survival compared to stage iiiab disease.
Fiveyear relative survival for european women diagnosed with cervical cancer in 20002007 was 62%, ranging from 57% in eastern europe to 67% in northern. Staging is based on a the results of a physical exam, imaging scans, and biopsies. Cervical cancer is a malignant epithelial tumor that forms in the uterine cervix. However, due to inadequate screening protocols in many regions of the world, cervical cancer remains the fourth. For an imaging pathway on the best modalities in accurate staging of cervical cancer. Stage ii is carcinoma that extends beyond the cervix, but does not extend into the pelvic wall. It is often used for other cancers of the female reproductive organs. Cervical cancer staging rsna publications online home. Figo global declaration on cervical cancer elimination figo. Today at figo world congress we launched our global declaration on cervical cancer elimination. Cancer staging generally runs from stage 0, which is precancerous or noninvasive, to stage iv, in which the cancer has spread throughout a significant part of the body. However, the international federation of gynecology and obstetrics figo has determined that clinical staging is preferable for several reasons. May 28, 2019 with the 2018 international federation of gynecology and obstetrics staging system for uterine cervical cancer, imaging is formally incorporated as a source of staging information and as a supplement to clinical examination ie, pelvic examination, cystoscopy and colposcopy to obtain an accurate description of tumor spread. Figo revised cervical cancer staging in 2018 revised staging was validated in a populationbased tumor registry.
Cervical cancer was once one of the most common causes of cancer death for american women. Recommendations by stage are based on the revised 2018 figo staging bhatla n, aoki d, sharma dn, et al. Following the amendments and what has emerged over the past. Validation of the 2018 figo cervical cancer staging system. Although there are many merits to this new staging for cervical cancer, including more detailed. The cancer has spread from the cervix lining into the deeper tissue but is still just found in. After staging the tumor, we can evaluate the extent of spread of the cancer. Staging of cervical cancer can either be based on the tnm or figo system. Doctors assign the stage of the cancer by evaluating the tumor and whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
The cervical cancer death rate dropped significantly with the increased use of the pap test for screening. Dec 28, 2018 based upon a recent validation analyses of matsuo et al. Applying the new system, stage ib1 and stage ib2 disease have distinct characteristics and outcomes, e. Surgical and radiologic staging provide important information that can impact treatment. Radiation oncologycervixstaging wikibooks, open books. Ajcc 7th edition 2009 is based on revised figo staging 2009 figo 2009 pmid 19342051 revised figo staging for carcinoma of the cervix. Prognostic value of the 2018 figo staging system for cervical. Based upon a recent validation analyses of matsuo et al. The figo system is based on clinical examination and inspection to allow uniform classification of patients worldwide, as the disease is prevalent in countries with limited access to imaging. Ovarian cancer staging radiology reference article. International federation of gynaecology and obstetrics.
Cervical cancer stages how to stage cervical cancer. The following is the consensus agreement that resulted from these efforts and represents new criteria for staging of these gynecologic cancer table 1. However, trial data cited within this section utilized the 2009 figo staging system. Jan 03, 2020 the figo international federation of gynecology and obstetrics staging system is used most often for cancers of the female reproductive organs, including cervical cancer. Stage ib1 and ib2 disease have distinct tumor characteristics and survival.
Data of 662 cervical cancer patients stages ib and iia with surgical risk factors treated at zhejiang cancer hospital between 2008 and 2011 were. Revised figo staging for carcinoma of the cervix uteri. This suffering is unacceptable, particularly as cervical cancer is largely preventable and treatable, when detected early. Full text prognostic value of the 2018 figo staging. Our claaificacion doctors will assist you are making sense of your cervical most cancers. Cervical cancer is uncommon in europe but still represents a major public health problem1. The american joint committee on cancer ajcc tnm classification and the international federation of gynecology and obstetrics figo staging system for cervical cancer are provided below. To determine the predictive value of the 2018 international federation of gynecology and obstetrics figo staging system for cervical cancer patients with surgical risk factors. Cervical cancer is a grave threat to womens health and lives. The international federation of gynecology and obstetrics figo has published an updated cervical cancer staging system. Stage i is carcinoma strictly confined to the cervix. Apr 26, 2019 the american joint committee on cancer ajcc tnm classification and the international federation of gynecology and obstetrics figo staging system for cervical cancer are provided below.
In the united states, cervical cancer is relatively uncommon. For cervical cancer, the clinical stage is used and is based on the results of the doctors physical exam, biopsies, imaging tests, and a few other tests that are done in. Prevention of cervical cancer it is now recognized that cervical cancer is a rare long term outcome of persistent infection of the lower genital tract by one of about 15 high risk hpv types, which is termed the necessary cause of cervical cancer. Distant mets including peritoneal spread, involvement of supraclavicular, mediastinal or paraaortic lymph nodes, lung. Cervical cancer prevention by vaccination and screening, and management by surgery and radiation according to the revised figo staging, can reduce cancer incidence and mortality. Endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, m agnetic resonance, diffusion, lymph nodes keypoints mri of endometrial and cervical cancer facilitates patient stratification into treatment groups.
Two retrospective cohort studies were conducted using the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results program between 1988 and 2014. Jun 16, 2019 cervical cancer diagnosed as stage iv disease can be diagnosed by pelvic examination or certain symptoms of cervical cancer. Role of mri in staging and followup of endometrial and. Figos staging classification for cancer of the ovary. To validate the revised 2018 international federation of gynecology and obstetrics figo staging system for cervical cancer, with a particular focus on stage ib and stage iii disease. Staging and prognosis of cervical cancer cancer council sa. Figo staging the most widely used staging system for cervical cancer is the figo staging system, which was revised in 2009. But the death rate has not changed much over the last 10 years. Most cases of cervical cancer are preventable through human papilloma virus hpv vaccination, routine screening, and treatment of precancerous lesions. Sentinel lymph node dissection is commonly used in vulvar and endometrial cancer. The estimated number of new cervical cancer cases in europe in 2012 was 58 348 with 24 397 deaths2. In cervical cancer, good sensitivity and specificity has been reported with acceptable false negative rates. Of the estimated 530 000 new cervical cancer cases annually, hpv 16 and hpv 18 account. Cervical cancer staging is the assessment of cervical cancer to decide how far the disease has progressed.
Multidisciplinary perspectives on newly revised 2018 figo. Staging and treatment for gyn cancers the florida cancer. Knowing the stage of the cancer helps your health care team recommend the best treatment for you. Am e ric an j o int co mmit te e o n can ce r cervix uteri. Cancer of the uterine cervix has traditionally been staged clinically, but surgical and radiologic evaluation are now part of assigning stage.
Figo is dedicated to the improvement of womens health and rights and to the reduction of disparities in healthcare available to women and. Mri acquisition and interpretation errors can lead to diagnostic and staging mistakes. Cervix uteri cancer staging 7th edition primary tumor t tnm figo categories stages tx primary tumor cannot be assessed cannot be assessedt0 no evidence of primary tumor tis carcinoma in situ preinvasive carcinoma t1 i cervical carcinoma confined to uterus extension to corpus should be disregarded. Thus, the objective of this study was to validate the revised 2018 figo staging system for stage ib and stage iii cervical cancer.
Ct is considered the best imaging modality for staging ovarian cancer. Management includes fertility sparing treatment, stage t1a, t1b1 t2a1, clinically occult cervical cancer diagnosed after simple hysterectomy, locally advanced cervical cancer, primary distant metastatic disease, cervical cancer in. However, the international federation of gynecology and obstetrics figo has determined that clinical staging is preferable for. The most commonly adopted ovarian cancer staging system is the figo staging system. In australia, cervical cancer is usually staged using the international federation of gynecology and obstetrics figo staging system. Revised 2018 international federation of gynecology and. Figo staging for cervical cancer dr irfan ahmad, 1. The revised figo staging system has yet to be evaluated using populationbased statistics, especially with regards to the important changes made to thede. With the 2018 international federation of gynecology and obstetrics staging system for uterine cervical cancer, imaging is formally incorporated as a source of staging information and as a supplement to clinical examination ie, pelvic examination, cystoscopy and colposcopy to obtain an accurate description of tumor spread.
At this stage, cancer has spread to different parts of the body including bones, lungs or liver stage ivb. To validate the 2018 revised figo cervical cancer staging system for stage iii patients with a cohort from china. Figo committee on gynecologic oncology revised figo staging. Cervical cancer early detection, diagnosis, and staging. Welcome to figo the international federation of gynecology and obstetrics the only organisation that brings together professional societies of obstetricians and gynecologists on a global basis. Tumor involves 1 or both ovaries with cytologically or histologically confirmed spread to the peritoneum outside the pelvis andor metastasis to the retroperitoneal lymph nodes old new iiia microscopic metastasis beyond the pelvis.1582 1626 531 1571 1367 59 169 468 1008 481 1164 657 1523 1161 190 350 1143 908 1198 1093 1401 234 1618 1289 571 1146 1539 216 886 812 1393 1094 1574 275 1071 1366 132 410 771 1100 212 1054 770 505 179 456 282